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Junker Ju 87 Stuka paper model

Catégories : World War II Models

Junker Ju 87 Stuka1938

Exit at the prototype stage in 1935, the Stuka was modified, particularly as regards the engine and landing gear, before being produced in series. He entered in action in Spain, in the Teruel area during the summer of 1937. Improved, he participated in campaigns to Poland where he was a key architect of the German victory. Executed according to the plans of engineers Pohleman, the Stuka (short for Sturzkampfflugzeug: fighter aircraft nose-down) remained active until the end of the war. Its success in 1940 on the Western front the camera made it the most feared of the time: he spread terror among the troops Dutch, Belgian and French. At the demoralizing effect that produced the accuracy of its attacks addition howling sirens whose shrill noise frightening soldiers and the population. Causing considerable damage, the Stuka participated in the Battle of Britain, then served in the Balkans, Greece, Crete, Malta, Africa, finally - and especially - in Russia. There, the JU-87 was first used as a dive bomber, then at the increase in numbers of Russian tanks, it was equipped with cannons and assigned to the shooting of these devices. The particularity of Stuka was mainly in the importance of its brakes and dive in, the drop bombs outside the scope of the propeller a fork tilting brought the bomb under the propeller, thus drop almost vertical.

The Junkers Ju-87, or more commonly known as the Stuka-Sturtzkampfflugzeug which means German dive-bomber, has long been the core of Blitzkrieg. Developed in the mid 30 per Junkers after a request from RLM for the design of a dive bomber, it quickly upgrade biplanes all its competitors by offering a more modern approach to the subject: a monoplane with a wing W. First equipped with a double shift, he was awarded one after the crash of the prototype in January 1936 when test dive, a few months after its first flight, le17 September 1935. The double shift vibration caused fatal to the device.



The Ju-87 had however set a train surrounded by a large fairing which generates a strong drag. This component would be very difficult thereafter as it decreased the rate already low and the Stuka during certain operations, mud blocking the aircraft taxiing to the point where they were often removed. Equipped with an engine Junkers Jumo 210 of 610ch, its engine block had a refit aerodynamically easily recognizable large radiator located on the lower engine.

It was equipped with a mechanical siren attached to the landing gear, called the "Trumpet of Jericho," which produced a sound strident, a consequence of wind during the dive, which aimed to terrorize civilians and military. To counter the risks of the black veil during the dive, the Stuka was equipped with a system of automatic recovery that could stabilize. The Stuka was also a two-seater equipped with a rear gunner position.

The Ju-87 was equipped with a machine gun MG17 7.9 mm served by the rear gunner and a gun combined MG81Z same class. It could also have MG17 machine guns and qu'emporter up 1800kg of bombs. Some versions could carry torpedoes, or additional tanks were equipped with cannons of 20mm Mauser MG151 in the wings.

The Ju-87A was the first series version of Stuka. Then came the Ju-87B, equipped with a more powerful engine, and Ju-87C, designed to be loaded on the aircraft carrier Graf Zeppelin, with a butt of landing and folding wings. The Ju-87d and its derivatives is the most widespread with aerodynamic improvements at the engine, shielding and armaments. Note that the Ju-87D4 had a role of destroyer and the Ju-87D7 and D8 were dedicated harassment night. There's also the Ju-87G which was an anti-tank equipped with two 37mm guns and was the favorite hunting weapon Hans-Ulrich Rudel and the Ju-87R Version long range, Ju-87H, version unarmed training and Ju-87K for export. The Ju-87 was exported to Italy, Spain, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and a copy reached the Japan who studied before creating his Stuka, the Aichi D3A Val.

Stuka legend was born on his first theater, in the Condor Legion during the Spanish Civil War and particularly during the bombing of Guernica. It also showed its strength during the campaigns in Poland and Belgium in the Blitzkrieg but began to show its limitations in interceptions during the campaign in France and in particular during the evacuation of Dunkirk. The Battle of Britain confirmed the Stuka was extremely vulnerable to attacks by hunters. Apart from the Balkan region where it restore its reputation, the result was a series of massacres where the Battle of Malta and Operation Barbarossa provide the most illustrative and sounded the end of the legend by a brutal return to reality . His straight path during the dive in fit is also a choice for new specific anti-aircraft guns and large pace. It was repackaged in support tactical aircraft but its slow speed made the task very difficult.

The Junkers Ju-87, which entered service in 1937, was built in 5700 copies until summer 1944. Very large, lightly armed, little maneuvering, the Ju-87 was easy prey for hunters and a anachronistic early in his career. However the Stuka was and will be remembered as one of the principal weapons and most effective of the German Blitzkrieg start of the second World War. It is therefore one of the largest aircraft in the history of the Second World War.