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Messerschmitt Me-262

Catégories : World War II Models

Messerschmitt Me-2621942

This device was an extraordinary destiny. In March 1942, a Me-262, with a train tricycle, was on its maiden flight. In 1943, following a report from General Galland German fighter, enthusiasm by the performance of this aircraft, the Luftwaffe tried to order it. Without even consulting G'ring, Hitler ordered the continuation of its development, but prohibited construction in series. Towards the end of the year, however, Hitler remembered that plane, but persuaded by G'bbels and Bormann, he wanted to become a bomber. This decision led to further studies and further delays, but despite that, under the leadership of General Milch, the construction of hunters continued until the day Hitler, having learned, gave the order to transform them immediately bombers . As General Galland wrote: "It could very well have been transformed into a horse dairy cow!" It was not until October that this policy was abandoned. It was too late: the best fighter in the world could not fight against a fifty! One day a test pilot took refuge in Zurich, Switzerland, aboard a Me-262. Fearing the aircraft tombât the hands of allies, Hitler ordered the attack on Zurich by troops parachuted. This operation, which had been entrusted to the famous Colonel Skorzeny, the liberator of Mussolini, was canceled at the last minute the Swiss had also been warned by the German spy what was going on and the aircraft was delivered to the Luftwaffe. Several units were equipped with this remarkable device, and it is aboard one of them as large as the German Walter Nowotny died, descended on 15 March 1945 by the RAF Tempest

The Messerschmitt Me-262 is the jet of the second world war that is the best known of the public. The jet, the first jet operational performance was such that he had harassed General Spaatz, head of aviation American bombing, to inform that Eisenhower feared the worst because of these devices. The program began in 1938 was delayed by the slow development of engines. The plane flew with an engine piston on 4 April 1941, but it was not until July 18 1942 for stealing with nuclear reactors.

Adolf Galland, the youngest general of the Reich, was captured by the camera after its first test flight: no torque, no vibration, "it is as if an angel to push you back!". Adolf Hitler came to present the Me-262 and asked if Willy Messerschmitt aircraft could carry bombs. After an affirmative response of the manufacturer, the Führer expressed his joy to have finally bomber fast can easily be played hunters enemies and it prohibits the use of the Me-262 for hunting, which landed Galland. Later, it nevertheless succeeds in creating a testing unit composed of Me-262, the Kommando Nowotny.

The Me-262 reactors were Junkers Jumo 004 or BMW that did not need fuel high octane required by aircraft with propellers from diesel fuel had to do. However, the Me-262 proved the most difficult to fly and the slightest error causes a disaster. Below 6000 rpm, the turbines stopped and it was almost impossible to restart. In case of overshoot too brutal, turbines took fire. A tricycle landing gear was created because the tail wheel problem: during takeoff, the pilot had a brake light at the end of the runway for the device can take the air, man? delicate work. But his landing gear was too fragile and its guns MK 108 30mm easily unravel. It had 4 and had a store of 360 rounds maximum.

Besides the guns, it could take 24 rockets R4M under the wings to disrupt the formations of bombers. The advantage of this weapon on guns was that the pilot could launch them at a distance of 1000 m, which put them immune to the gunners of reprisals. It was handy. The bombing did not have a viewfinder for a precise drop bombs. He could reach 850km / h, an exceptionally fast for its time. It also said that the first driver to have passed the sound barrier is a German pilot aboard a Me-262 during a dive. It returned to base with an aircraft flap.

Many versions saw the day. The Me-262A-0 was the prototype, Me-262A-1a aircraft hunting Jumo 004 engines like Me-262A-1a/U1 and Me-262A-1a/U2 while the Me-262A-1a / U3 was a reconnaissance aircraft. The Me-262A-1b was also a hunter equipped with engines but BMW 003. The Me-262A-2 and Me-2a were 262A fighter-bombers capable of carrying two bombs of 250 kg. The Me-262A-3a was a fighter shielded strengthened and the Me-262A-5A aircraft reconnaissance.

The Me-262B was a fighter like night and Me-262B-1a/U1 Me-262B-2a. The Me-262B-1a was a training device. B versions were two-seater aircraft. The Me-262c-1a is a fighter Jumo 004 engines while the Me-262c-2b had engine BMW 003. The Me-262D was a prototype boom more pronounced as the Me-262E had the same role. At the project level are the Me-262 equipped with stratoréacteurs or turboprop and a hunting triplace night. It should also include aircraft produced under license by Avia, the S.92 or Me-262A-1a and-CS.92 or Me 262B-1a and the Japanese prototype Nakajima, the Kikka.

The first experimental unit was not formed until 30 June 1944 and the first unit operational in September. However, they shot more than 100 enemy planes before the armistice but they had losses due to their particular vulnerability was off and landing. Most aircraft were destroyed, either in combat or because of the bombing of airfields, or by the Germans themselves so that the Allies did emparent but despite its late construction, the Me-262 was built in 1100 copies. After the war, many had left the United States to conduct tests.