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Santos Dumont 14-bis


Santos Dumont 14-bisIn the history of aviation, 1906 was a decisive year. One man especially marked this year of its footprint: Santos-Dumont. Brazilian origin, settled in Paris for many years, Alberto Santos-Dumont was already famous for its flights in airship. Devoting his time and his great fortune to conquer the air, he ardently wanted to be the first man flying in Europe. Pioneer of ballooning, Santos-Dumont had a real compunction to "switch sides" also dreamed there a moment of a hybrid engine, mid-air, mid-ball. But he soon abandoned this dream and, in mid-1906, turned to pure aviation, undertaking the construction of a new machine. 14a baptized, she had wings cellular (ie septate) motor and propeller propulsion. The fuselage was carried forward, the elevator and leadership being placed at the far forward. The machine measures 12 m. scale and 8.95 m. long, it weighed 300 kilos with an engine provided by Levavasseur. All rested on bicycle wheels attached to tubes without shock absorbers. The pilot - the last concession airship ... - He was standing in a gondola. Santos-Dumont man'uvrer trains conscientiously to his machine in the draw by making a donkey. On 13 September 1906, a first test was successful in Bagatelle, about 7 meters to 70 cm in height. And on October 23, the big crowd was there to see the bold Franco-Brazilian off, then keep the air nearly 3 meters high, a distance of 60 m. : Distance that officials forgot to measure, so great was the general feeling! On landing, the public delirious pulled the hero of his basket and led him in triumph. The glory of Santos-Dumont would be permanently dedicated November 12 of that year: that day, always at Bagatelle he won the prize of the Aero Club of France in traveling distance of 220 meters to 5 meters in height .

Alberto Santos-Dumont (1873-1932): Human Demoiselles

Born in Palmira, Brazil, he arrived very young in France. This sets in Paris in 1898 and spend most of his life in France. It is the first to fly aboard an aircraft, equipped with a gasoline engine which he himself prepared. In 1901, he participated in the prices of airships founded by Henry Deutsch de la Meurthe and won the prize which consisted of a round trip between St. Cloud and the Eiffel Tower in 30 minutes. Then he looks at "flying machines" that Clement Ader, the Wright brothers and Otto Lilienthal in fact manage to wrest the ground with great difficulty.

On 23 October 1906, in Bagatelle Park (at Bois de Boulogne), Santos-Dumont was able to take off on a sixty meters, which is the first real flight in Europe. Shortly thereafter, on November 12, aboard the 14 Bis, a biplane flying to 50 hp engine, it travels in flight distance of 220 m in 21 s at a speed of 41.3 km / h, this performance is approved by the new Federation Aeronautique Internationale (FAI) as the first world record of aviation. His plane was called 14a, as the first tests of it took place in the airship suspending its number 14!


On 22 November the same year, the aeronaut wins aviation founded by Deutsch of the Meurthe and Ernest Archdeacon, but the attempted theft carried out in 1907 (on its 15 powered by an engine Antoinette) are less happy.


Starting from 1909, he began to build the series of Demoiselle, which still accrurent its reputation, becoming the stars of air shows, thanks to their incredible maneuverability, but also became the first aircraft of tourism on sale to the general public kit, made of bamboo and hemp cloth.


He returned to Brazil in 1928 and killed himself desperate to see the use of aviation for military purposes following the First World War and deadly bombings.