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SPAD XIII paper model

Catégories : First World War Models

SPAD XIII1917

In 1916 the First World War had become a fully modern conflict. The skies of Europe, become real battlefields, flares rérulièrement by flights of AEG, Fokker, and other German Albatros. Faced with these machines the Franco-British alliance only align the Spad S. VII and Royal Aircraft Factory SE-5, hunters handy, well-armed but very light.

The manufacturer began Spad in the design and implementation of a reconnaissance aircraft and light bomber derivative of its S. VII. The new plane was baptized SPAD S.XI. S. XI is differentiated S. VII by the shift of its wing plans. Powered by a Hispano-Suiza engine V-235ch, it came into operation in October 1917. Unfortunately for the SPAD S. XI was a plane unstable and difficult to drive, this makes the aircraft very unpopular with the French pilots. The aircraft was built at least 300 copies.

SPAD nevertheless decides to S. XI pulled a hunter quick single designated S. XIII. The fighter made its maiden flight on April 04, 1917. He differentiated S. VII by a larger wing and engine installation Hispano-Suiza 8B 220ch. Armament S. XIII was formed two Vickers machine guns synchronized to 7.7mm pulling forward through the propeller.

Upon its entry into service performance that had proved far superior to those of S. VII when commitments against the German planes on the eastern front. His performance did S. XIII's new French squadrons to replace S. VII and Nieuport. The brothers Fonck, Georges Guynemer or Charles Nungesser parties did users who did S. XIII a legend. It became the worst enemy of the German Albatros fighters.

Given the success of S. XIII in French units, the Royal Flying Corps and Air Force jointly commissioned Belgian new hunters. Italy follow suit less than a week later. Some S. XIII were employed by Italian aviators on the front of Greece.

But of all the countries which acquired S. XIII most emblematic was the U.S. that made S. XIII principal fighter in July 1917. Ace of as American, Eddie Rickenbaker, made the bulk of his victories on SPAD S. XIII. His unit is currently preserved at the U.S. Air Force Museum at Wright-Patterson AFB.

The total production of S. XIII had reached 8472 when production ended in 1918 with the end of the conflict modial. The "last piece of the puzzle" had made the aircraft a weapon and S. XIII one of the first flying French legends.

After the war, no fewer than ten countries used militarily S. XIII whose Tchéquoslovaquie, Japan and Poland. A SPAD S. XIII is currently part of the collections of the Museum of Air and Space Bourget.