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Sukhoi Su-27 model

Catégories : Jet Era Models    Tags : Jet

1974 - Sukhoi Su-27 Sukhoi Su-27
The Sukhoi Su-27 Flanker made his first appearance in western Paris Air Show in 1989. His first prototype, the T-10 a truly missed, was conceived in 1977 and was changed to the T-10S, much more promising. Proof of its great potential, it would give rise to an impressive family of fighter planes. The large number of versions developed thereafter demonstrates that the basic structure and aerodynamic configuration chosen initially were very sound, although many changes took place. Designed as a fighter interceptor and long-range, its autonomy, its performance and powerful radar to make it less efficient Boeing F-15 Eagle. It is powered by two AL-31F engines and is made of a lightweight aluminum alloy. The Su-27 remains a very large and very heavy.

The Su-27 is the initiator of a magnificent figure who was named the Cobra, in which the aircraft reached an incidence of 120 degrees from 450km / h to 120km / h in 3 seconds and representative of its excellent maneuverability linked a system of command complex cable. The pilot has a viewfinder helmet and Su-27 can carry 10 air-to-air missiles Archer R-73 or R-27. The Su-27 can fly quickly at high altitude. His pulse Doppler radar long range allows it to guide missiles to their targets.

The disadvantage of Su-27 is having an avionics impractical, composed of many dial that does not match with modern avionics, although it remains complete and functional, since it requires more attention. Moreover, it can not carry radar-guided missile assets which requires it to maintain its target hung up the impact and can not engage several targets simultaneously. He has a cannon GSH-301 caliber 30mm and can carry bombs guided by radar or not for air-ground attacks.

The Flanker-A is the T-10, the first prototype. Then the Su-27 Flanker-B is the corrected version. Between 1986 and 1988 modified Su-27 designated P-42 broke 27 speed records climb and altitude including the highest altitude for a hunter and record numbers belonged to the Boeing F-15A. The Flanker-C is a two-seater training retaining capacity identical in combat. The Flanker-D is the naval version designed to equip squadrons of Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov, it became more known as the Sukhoi Su-33. It is distinguished from other versions with a train strengthened, folding wings and landing of lacrosse. The Flanker-F and G, aka Sukhoi Su-30 versions are multi-seaters heavily exported. The Su-27IB Fullback or Su-34, is a ground attack tandem coast to coast. Finally, the Flanker-E or Su-35 Super Flanker is a very modernized, especially in terms of avionics, which is equipped with nozzles thrust vectorized.

The Su-27 had some export success in the former communist bloc countries: Abkhazia, Armenia, Belarus, China, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Ukraine and Vietnam, but also in other countries: Algeria, Angola, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Moldova and Yemen. The United Kingdom and the United States had also acquired a least one Su-27 each, the first via a transaction with Ukraine, the second with Belarus to equip the squadron of the Red Eagles, called before the Agressor collapse of the USSR.

The Su-27 players were at several diplomatic incidents between the two blocs during the Cold War because they were first served in the USSR and the people's democracies. Since they are used mainly in conflicts between developing countries, particularly in Africa. Estimates show 700 aircraft built. Today, Russia has 25 aircraft in the AVMF naval-aviation-, 130 in the VPC-flying front-and 300-PVO in the air-defense. In addition to the devices fitted to patrol acrobatic Knights Russians.